Landscaping Tips
How much material will I need for my project?
The following information will help you calculate your landscape material needs:

  • A cubic yard of material will fill a 3' x 3' x 3' box
  • A cubic yard of soil weighs more than 2,000 pounds; a cubic yard of sand or gravel weighs
    nearly 3,000 pounds
  • A ton (2,000 pounds) of sand or pea gravel spread 2" deep will cover 100 to 120 sq ft
  • A ton of 3/4" diameter decorative rock spread 2" deep will cover 110 to 120 sq ft
  • Most full-size pickups hold 2 to 3 cubic yards of dirt, sand, gravel, or mulch; however,
    maximum weight capacity may limit you to carrying less
  • By multiplying Length by Width by Depth (in feet) of area to be covered, then divide that total by
    27, you can estimate the yardage requirements for your job
  • A new mulchbed would use 3" of mulch; to cap an existing bed, plan on 1"-2"
  • A cubic yard of soil, compost, or mulch covers about:
    320 sq ft to a depth of 1"
    160 sq ft to a depth of 2"
    110 sq ft to a depth of 3"
    80 sq ft to a depth of 4"
Irrigation is the most critical practice in all your procedures.  There are two separate procedures:

1.        Watering to get the seed to germinate and sprout;
2.        Adjusting the irrigation so the plant will establish itself and develop a good root system.

Keep your newly seeded lawn moist at all times with frequent, short watering sessions, 3-4 times a
day for 15-20 minutes.  Avoid standing water.

Once your lawn has reached 75% germination, modify your irrigation program to fewer, longer
watering sessions.  The goal is to get the water to reach deep into the soil so that the grass roots will
grow down rather than stay near the surface.  Turf whose roots go deep survive periods of drought
with far more success than turf whose roots remain near the surface.  Eventually you will need to cut
back on watering to once a day, then every other day, then two to three times per week.  This process
could take 4-6 weeks depending on the weather.

Mowing should commence when the majority of the grass is 3 inches high.  No more than 1/3 of the
leaf blade should be removed at one time.  The cutting height should be no shorter than 2 inches.  
Your mower should have sharp blades.  This makes a cleaner job and prevents the young, soft leaf
from being ripped or pulled out of the ground.  Do not mow if your grass is wet.  Water after mowing if

When the turfgrass is established, fertilizer may be applied at 1 lb. nitrogen per 1,000 square feet 2-4
times per year.  Hansen's recommends Scott's or Lesco's four or five-step fertilization program which
incorporates pre-emergent weed control in the spring and broadleaf weed/pest control in the
summer.  Add grub control if needed.
How can I give my lawn its best start?